Volume 6, Issue 1, June 2018, Page: 31-35
Efficacy of Plastic Reconstruction (Limberg Rhomboid Flap) in Management of Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus
Mohamed Aly Elhorbity, Department of General Surgery, Benha Teaching Hospital, General Organization for Teaching Hospitals and Institutes, Benha, Egypt
Received: May 22, 2018;       Accepted: Jun. 12, 2018;       Published: Jul. 4, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ass.20180601.16      View  661      Downloads  37
Abstract
Sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus disease is a common condition usually seen in young adult males. The definitive treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus is a surgical excision of all sinus tracts. The surgical procedures range from simple excision with or without primary closure to complex flap reconstruction. However, no single operative intervention is superior to another based upon overall rate of healing, time away from work, and risk of recurrence. Between January 2014 and march 2017, a total of 30 patients (28 male and 2 female) aged between 17 and 40 years old complaining from sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus, 10 cases are recurrent after previous operation (6 recurrent cases after excision and simple primary closure and the another 4 recurrent cases after excision and lay open the wound to heal with secondary intension). Another 12 cases diagnosed several months after drainage of previous surgical drainage of pilonidal abscess with persistent non healed sinus and the remaining 8 cases are chronic pilonidal sinus with no history of previous abscess or operations. All cases after proper investigation managed with Limberg rhomboid flap for wound closure after surgical excision of the sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus. The mean operative time was ranged from 50 to 70 minutes (average 60 minutes). Most cases (25 patients) received spinal anesthesia and the remaining (5 patient) received general anesthesia according to their desire. All patients discharged home 24 h to 48 after the operation and only one recurrent case need admission again for reoperation within 6 months. No recorded cases of wound infection, or flap necrosis were observed. All patients returned to work from 2 to 4 weeks after the operation with minimal postoperative pain with no wound tension or irritability and all were satisfied. The present investigation was concluded that the sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus is chronic disease and surgeons have been treating it by different modalities range from lay open technique to wound closure either simple or based on plastic flap reconstruction. Limberg rhomboid flap reconstruction after excision of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus is meticulous, safe, easy to be done, low operative time, low post-operative pain, low hospital stays, early return of the patient to work, suitable to primary and recurrent cases with low local recurrent and meet acceptance from the patient preoperative during discussion with the patient for writing the surgical consent and postoperative due to the previous benefits.
Keywords
Plastic Reconstruction, Limberg Rhomboid Flap, Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus
To cite this article
Mohamed Aly Elhorbity, Efficacy of Plastic Reconstruction (Limberg Rhomboid Flap) in Management of Sacrococcygeal Pilonidal Sinus, Advances in Surgical Sciences. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 31-35. doi: 10.11648/j.ass.20180601.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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